Long vowel sound ‘a’- ‘ai’ and ‘ay’
a e i o u.
These are the five vowels in the English language. But they represent a variety of sounds. To master these vowel sounds, first and foremost we have to learn the difference between short vowel and long vowel sounds.
We have already covered the short vowels. Today, we shall discuss long vowels which are relatively easier for children to learn compared to short vowels.
What are long vowels?
Long vowels are used to refer to the vowel sounds whose pronunciation is the same as its letter name. Long vowel sounds are also called ‘alphabet sounds.’
They are called long vowel sounds because we hold them longer than short vowel sounds. But long vowels are not a longer version of short vowels. Long and short vowel sounds are completely different from each other.
Let’s take an example. Hear the sound of the vowel ‘a’ in the word pan. It is the short vowel sound /a/.
Now hear the sound of ‘ai’ in the word pain. It makes the alphabet sound of alphabet ‘a.’
Both sounds are completely different from each other. If you stretch the ‘a’ in pan, you do not get the ‘ai’ in pain.
Hear the sound of vowel ‘a’ in apple. Now hear the sound of ‘ay’ in clay. Apple has the short vowel ‘a’ sound and clay has the long vowel ‘a’ sound.
Now hear the sound of vowel ‘a’ in the word ‘mat.’ It is the short vowel sound. Now hear it in the word ‘mate.’ The sound of ‘a’ is the same as its letter sound which is the long vowel sound.
Let me share a few more examples.
short vowel long vowel
mad maid, made
Click on the above image to download the anchor chart
Today we will be covering two sounds, ‘ai’ and ‘ay’.
‘ai’ and ‘ay’ have two vowels coming together to make one sound. It is also known as ‘vowel combination.’ Often in vowel combinations, the first letter has the long sound and the second is silent. See ‘ai’ and ‘ay’. In ‘ai’, first letter ‘a’ makes the long vowel sound and the second letter ‘i’ is silent. Similarly with ‘ay’, the first letter ‘a’ makes the letter sound and the second letter ‘y’ is silent.
I will be sharing two sets in this post. The first set is for the sound ‘ai.’
The first worksheet is reading and colouring words with the ‘ai’ sound. Instead of the whole word, make your child colour only the ‘ai’ sound of the word. It helps register the sound better.
The next worksheet is a cut and paste worksheet. Cut the picture tiles and let your child read the words and paste the pictures under the correct word.
In the above worksheet, fill the ‘ai’ sound and read the words.
In this worksheet, read the word bank which has simple ‘ai’ words. Then see the pictures and write the word in four lines.
The next worksheet has simple sentences which will give the child reading practice. The child has to complete the sentence by using one of the words in the bracket. Use the word which makes more sense in the sentence.
The last worksheet of this set is a cut and paste activity sheet.
Cut the worksheet into six parts as shown above.
Now cut along the dotted line but do not mix the words. Give your child parts of a single word at a time and let her make a picture and read the word.
Once the child has formed the word, let her stick it in the notebook and write a simple sentence using that word.
Once the pictures are dry, go ahead and colour. These simple worksheets will give your child enough practice for ‘ai’ sound.
To download the /ai/ set, click on the image above.
The other set which I will be sharing today is for the sound ‘ay.’
Read ‘ay’ words.
Please note that we write ‘ay’ when long vowel sound ‘a’ is the last sound of a one-syllable word.
Cut the pictures and paste them under the correct words.
Write ‘ay’ in the space to complete the word.
Let’s write simple ‘ay’ words.
Complete the sentence using one of the words in the bracket.
Cut the pictures and let your child join the tiles in order to make a picture. Stick the pictures in the notebook. Remember to make your child write simple sentences for each word.
e.g. The hen lay eggs.
I sat on a stack of hay.
It is Sunday. Yay!
To download ‘ay’ sound resource, click on the image above.
Please do not print pages 1 and 2. The worksheets begin from page 3 in both the sets.
For other Long vowel sound worksheet packs, click here.
I hope you find these resources useful.