What are long vowels?
Long vowels are used to refer to the vowel sounds whose pronunciation is the same as its letter name.
Long vowel sounds are also called ‘alphabet sounds.’
Long vowel words a – ‘ai’ and ‘ay’ make the alphabet sound ‘a.’ This worksheet will give children spelling practice for these confusing long vowel sounds. When the last sound of a one syllable word is the ‘alphabet sound a,’ we write ‘ay.’
Long vowel words e – ‘ee’ and ‘ea’ make the alphabet sound ‘e.’ Unfortunately, there is no rule to know whether a word with ‘long vowel sound e’ should have ‘ea’ or ‘ee.’ Children need to read and practice writing long vowel e words frequently to get it right. For long vowel writing practice worksheets, check this worksheet Pack.
Long vowel i – ‘ie’ and ‘igh’ make the alphabet sound ‘i.’ There are a limited number of words with the ‘ie’ and ‘igh’ sound. The long vowel ‘i’ sound is mostly found in the ‘magic e’ words.
Long vowel o – ‘oa’ and ‘ow’ make the alphabet sound ‘o.’ For the long vowel sound ‘o,’ ‘oa’ is written when the ‘o’ sound is at the beginning or middle of a word and ‘ow’ is usually (not always) written when the alphabet sound ‘o’ is heard at the end.
Long vowel u – ‘ue’ and ‘ew’ make the alphabet sound ‘u.’
To understand long vowels in detail, please read this post from my blog. It discusses long vowels in depth with free worksheets.
There are five worksheets in this pack, one for each long vowel. Identify the picture and circle the correct word.